Types of Turkeys, Type of Cages, Feed and Management

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Many Types of Turkeys

Turkey is the designation for two large species of bird of the order Galliformes genus Meleagris. Turkey or a Turkey is a bird with two large species of bird of the order Galliformes genus Meleagris. Turkey females are smaller and less colorful plumage than the male turkeys. (Wikipedia)

The following types of chicken Turkey that currently exists in indonesia:

The Bronze Turkey type was the type of Turkey's most popular and most numerous population, in Indonesia this type in addition to include ornamental type to also include the type of Turkey broiler/consumption.

The Golden Palm
The type of the Golden Palm also included one of the turkeys that the population often found the local market in indonesia. This type has a myriad of variations blend/blend color.

Palm has pencilled type color resembles the color of batik, the tail feathers there is also a color that resembles a tiger's fur colour schemes so that there is also a mention of this type as the Turkey pencilled the tiger.

Types of Turkey that this one has a blend of dark gray color blends with golden yellow color and the pattern resembles a "batik" in the tail feathers.

Types of Turkeys is called white holland because it is said that the origin of this type of Turkey comes from the Netherlands.

This type of Turkey in indonesia is still classified as a type of color a Turkey that is still rare, the characteristics of this type have a reddish brown color in the thick body hair and white feathers on the wing section.

Black spanish is also a type of chicken a Turkey population in indonesia is still very rare, because of their rarity in the market is priced for sale at a high price compared to other types mentioned above.

Blue slate turkeys is that the population is still very rare, in this type of Turkey indonesia itself was just there in the year 2016 it where we ayamkalkun.com the first to import this type of entry to indonesia.

Scientific name: Meleagris
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Meleagris; Linnaeus, 1758
Class: Aves

Turkey females are smaller and less colorful plumage than the male turkeys. While in the wild, turkeys are easy to spot from the span their wings to reach the 1.5-1.8 metres.

North American species of turkeys called m. gallopavo while Central American turkeys called m. ocellata.

Results of the domestication of turkeys are farmed for their meat is taken is derived from the species m. gallopavo, also known as wild turkeys (Wild Turkey). While the species is m. ocellata was likely the result of domestication of the Mayans. There are those who argue that Turkeys are farmed for their meat is taken is derived from Mayan Turkey. The reason Turkey more Mayan speakers wild turkeys of North American origin, but this theory is not supported by morphological evidence. Turkey results of domestication has pial (part bergelambir below the beak) as proof that Turkey country derived from wild turkeys m. gallopavo. Turkey m. ocellata preserved Mayan people don't have the pial.

Wild Turkey is a game animal in North America, but unlike the Turkey country, wild turkeys are agile and good at flying.

Turkey in various languages

When the Turkey was first discovered in the United States, the Europeans are wrong to tell as bird-African Numida meleagris, also known as "chicken Turkey" because it was imported from Central Europe via Turkey. In the language of the United Kingdom, Turkey still referred to as "Turkey" until now. The Turkey genus Meleagris German Yunaniberarti "origin of Guinea fowl".

The names in the various languages of the world to Turkey domestication results also reflect the name of the country of origin of the Turkey that "exotic" according to ancient times. At the same time look of confusion in the past about the person's home country of Turkey. At the time, people believe the location of the American continent, the newly discovered is located in East Asia. In addition, people in the old days like the naming of animals with names of places that are far away and exotic to be sold expensive.

Turkey is the spelling of the language for language Indonesia Netherlands "kalkoen" taken from the name of the town of Kalikut in India. While the Chicken is a Malay term Netherlands for Turkey. In both Denmark and Norway, Turkey is also called sebagaikalkun, or kalkon (Sweden), Kalkuun (the language of lower Germany), kalkkuna (Finland), and in the language of Papiamento kalakuna.

Determine The Sex Of A Turkey

To specify gender in chickens turkeys there are a number of ways, here's how that can be done to determine the sex of chicken a Turkey:

Inserting a finger into the Cloaca chicks. This method requires extensive training that can take a few months to let experts, but people who are already skilled and experienced will be able to use your index finger to open the Cloaca chicks and know his genitals. This will probably hurt chicks. So it should be taught by someone who really are experts.

Use the proctoscope device, tools such as the colon to check that chick. This tool can help you see through the intestinal wall and found the Turkey chicks chicks gonads it, a male will have two testicles, female and one ovary. This method also requires a thorough training in order not to jeopardise a chick.

Compare the fine feathers the chicks with their primary feathers. We compare the bias of the faster growing feathers is a male and a female, the female will slow have subtle plumage which is always shorter than the primary feathers, because sex is characteristic. This can be a useful method of determining the sex of a Turkey that was just a few hours, with minimal training.

Wait until the child is eight weeks old Turkeys, turkeys the males will develop larger legs has a bit of fur on their heads. the females will look taller and slimmer.

Wait until their first mating season. You don't need to be an observer of Turkey experts to find out who is male or female, at the time of marriage.

The Size Of The Enclosure Box Based On Age

Turkey 0-1.5 months (20-25 tail Turkey):
Bamboo cage with cardboard paper trays, 1 metre long, width 80 cm, height 40 cm.

Turkey age 1.5-2.5 months (10-15 tail Turkey):
Bamboo cages more tenuous without pedestal paper cardboard, 1 metre long, width 80 cm, height 40 cm.

Turkeys aged 2.5-3.5 months (15-20 tail Turkey):

Strimin wire cage with a wooden frame, the length of 2 meters, height 70 cm, width 80 cm.

The Turkey 3.5 months of age up s. d indukan (50-70 tail Turkey):
Cage yg characteristic of dry land umbaran & not harsh and overgrown grass minimum size shrubs & 5x10 meters.


Cage yg for land indukan umbaran. Land 5x10 meters made partially covered roof in place and provided for roosting places all chickens turkeys.

The quarantine cages should also be prepared for males who like doing onar (showdown), pain, or injury.

for males, the Turkey cock indukan pain: bamboo cages the size 80 cm x 80 cm x 80 cm (filled 1 adult chickens turkeys)

for young Turkey cock, size can be smaller (still filled 1 tail)

for chickens turkeys in the treatment of injuries/injured can in a cage that is rather large, it can be mixed with other turkeys who were also injured.


1. Enclosures for indulgence

Turkey needs room to move and her daily activities (including marriage). For it takes a useful location as umbaran. The location must be surrounded umbaran fence meetings in order to be safe. Actually, the Turkey is not belong to animals that love to escape. The use of the fence more intend to keep the security from the hands of ignorant and bully others.

To keep the 50-70 hens of turkey, home 5x10 acres umbaran metres is sufficient. If we grow vegetables in this enclosure, then the location location of plants also need dipagar in order not to run out by Turkey. Vegetables commonly consumed are:

-Water spinach
-Water hyacinth
-Papaya leaves
And so on.

2. Cage of turkeys aged 0-30 days

Turkeys are aged one week to a month in need of a warm box enclosure. Enclosures can be made of bamboo or wood, or wire strimin with wooden frame. Wire cages is helpful if there are many of us in the area of pest rodents. In order to be practical, cage made a 1-meter length, width 80 cm, height 40 cm and legs as high as 10 cm or adjust to the circumstances. Enclosure with polygons such as the above is enough to accommodate the Turkey tail 20. As the base of the enclosure, use a layer of newspaper. The paper will absorb the liquid that comes from the dirt or the rest of the drink. If the newspaper is already saturated and the water is full of shit, we stayed lifting, remove and replace with a new newspaper.

At the age of 1.5 to 2.5 months, Turkey has experienced considerable development. For that Turkey needs to occupy a more spacious enclosure. For home games, the same as Turkey Coop was 0-1 months. It's just that the population needs to be reduced to ten tails turkeys only.

3. Cage of turkeys aged 2.5 months to top

The Turkey was 2.5 months the size of enclosure i.e. length of 2 meters, height 70 cm, width 80 cm and legs adjust on local conditions. Enclosure with polygons such as the above is filled with 20 Turkey tail. When the Turkey was 3 months, then the population is reduced to 10 tail/cage. Then at the age of 3.5 months, reduced so that in a single enclosure, there are only 8 Turkey tail.

At the age of 3 months, the Turkey should start dipisah-pisah according to sex. So, between the male and female cage cages made singly. The male Turkey also began to get selected candidates a good Stud. The male turkeys less good we used as the Turkey pieces.

4. Cage floor

In addition to occupying enclosure box, turkeys begin to age 2 months and above can also occupy the cage floor. The size of the cage floor, for example, a length of 6 metres, a width of 3 metres, with a height adjusts to the situation. Of course this measure not raw and look at local conditions. The population of the enclosure floor is about 20-30 meters for each tail perseginya. So we can calculate the size of the enclosure itself and its contents.

5. Cage Stud

The Turkey should be an absolute Stud enclosure box. This is useful so that turkeys don't fight that will lead to cuts and fur loss. The size of the enclosure for this Stud 80x80x80 cm. The enclosure is also made with the legs. Each enclosure contains only one Turkey only.

6. The enclosure for the brood

When egg-laying and brood, the Turkey should be provided special cages. The enclosure is a box with a size of 40x40x40 cm. as its base, could put merang/padi stalk. If we keep the Turkey in large quantities, then this must also be creative enclosure is provided in large quantities. The amount could be adjusted according to the amount of turkey.

Place the feed. Where to eat and drink for the Turkey matched with age. For small turkeys, make it a place to eat from bamboo materials in length 40 cm and a diameter of 8-10 cm that is cut in half. How to membelahnya is not the same but for the bigger portion, approximately 2/3 cross-sectional area. The bottom bamboo we give prisoners/alas so as not to tumble. Food is enough to feed a small Turkey tail 20-25.

In addition to places to eat from bamboo, practical places to eat can be made from regular drinking place for sale in poultry shop. So, in place of the drink that we fill in food for turkeys.

For the Turkey up, where to eat can be a plastic container like a small basin. If you want made, the material can be made of wood to the edges, and the triplex as its base. For places to eat Turkey today is actually very flexible, important Turkey could eat together without difficulty.

As a place to drink, we can use the broiler for drinking places. This easy drinking place we get in stores. For the Turkey is small, its placement needs to be regulated so as not to harm. Drinking places must position a bit high so that the Turkey is not easy to go to the place that contains water. Try to let the moment hanging place of this drink is not too high so that the Turkey is not difficult when drinking.

Turkeys are animals that do not require much water, especially a small one. If we give too much water, the Turkey will be reduced appetite and easily affected by the disease. To that end, the time of drinking should be supervised. After the meal, the Turkey we give to drink. After all have finished drinking, drinking places taken/to be removed from the enclosure.

Rations For Turkeys
Turkeys are animals that are not so picky. That is, the kinds of foods such as bran, the rest of the rice, the rest of the vegetables and the like, can be used. But for maintenance-intensive, we have to know the type and needs per day.

Small turkeys and Turkey adults need different kinds of rations and portions. Of its kind, the usual food consumed in Turkey for his life are:

1. Concentrate.

Concentrates given to Turkey are concentrated in the market that cost BR type Rp 5000/kilogram. administering concentrated BR adjusted according to age of the Turkey. As we know, the market there is a concentrated type of BR1 and BR 2. In addition, there are also concentrates ration for fattening as polar. Bone boosters, to concentrate type AD1 could also be given to Turkey.

2. the Bran.

Bran as one of the ingredients of a mixture of food given at adult turkeys. Bran or bran can we get in the stalls, the poultry shop or rice milling. For its kind, Bran is divided into two rough bran and bran. Rough Bran is usually still contains lots of bran. For that, try the Turkey-giving a pet a Turkey with bran.

3. Know.

Know that we use is the idea of fresh white (not salty) who have not fried. These young turkeys groceries easy we found everywhere. The need to look out for, not to buy out the berpengawet for non food such as formalin. In order to be more efficient we can buy know this by way of subscription in place of manufacture/plant. To know which stored in fridge/frezzer, before being used as rations, first soak in hot water for a few moments.

4. Forage.

Forage (as a source of vitamins) most popular for turkeys is the banana leaves. How to compile even very easy. We just need to pluck a banana leaf with a knife and threw them to a crowd of turkeys. With Turkey-the Turkey certainly heartily will eat it until it runs out.

In addition to banana leaves, some forage such as water spinach, Chinese cabbage, papaya leaves and some kind of sayuaran also liked the Turkey. For that, there is no harm in cultivating these plants before the Turkey-Turkey young fill our cages.

5. "Aking" Rice (Wasted of Rice).

Aking rice is rice of washed clean and dried until dry. The food is also one of the preferred source of carbohydrate foods Turkey. To present it, we must first soaking in hot water to make it more tender. When buying aking rice, we have to choose a clean and other ingredients not mixed.

Feeding Turkeys According The Age

For the Turkey cock breeders who are already experienced, surely already know or at least don't need to confused to give a portion of chicken feed turkeys. But for the novice Turkey chicken breeder or who still want to plan on keeping chickens, turkeys will be a bit of confusion in this case. Therefore Let's refer to reference the chicken feeding turkeys according to the following age.

Feeding chickens turkeys according the conditions of age and it's very important, because for this type of chicken Turkey chicks mature turkeys and chickens have a portion of the feed and a different menu, because the ability of the stomach to accommodate Turkey chicken food and the ability to Digest the food will be different. In periods of growth, usually chickens turkeys need nutrition and nutrition. As for the portion that can be given to chickens turkeys according the age as follows:


For feeding chickens turkeys aged 1 day to 7 days give full BR BR 1 (1 100%) which is mixed with water to taste. Stir the BR 1 by entering the water little by little until evenly distributed, the granting of this water not only slightly until the dough becomes soft, make the dough when it is squeezed by the way water does not issue but gripped the dough feels wet. The function of the water here is to soften the texture of BR 1 to make it easier to be eaten and digested by a chick kalkunini. In addition, water serves to fullfill the needs of liquid required the body of the Turkey chicks, because in this age of Turkey chicks are not allowed to be given full drinking water inside the container, because it was feared the chicks of these turkeys will entry into the container that contains the drinking water, so that the Turkey chicks this feel cold and result in death. For granting full BR 1 this also aims to provide maximum protein intake is contained by BR 1, so the growth chicks Turkey faster and healthier.


The Turkey chicks aged 1 week to 2 weeks give mixture BR 1, Bran, and Forage (leaf/vegetable). How to make it IE by means of shredding forage to small-sized if edible or according to the size of the Turkey chicks half. Then mix all the ingredients with the comparison of 50% BR 1, Bran, 30% and 20% Forage. Don't forget to add water sparingly on this dough, the amount of water can dilute but not much more. The Turkey chicks at this age also could've been given full drinking water is placed in the container. However, make sure the chicks of these turkeys do not to get into drinking water, because the age of ageing also still vulnerable to low temperature.


At the time the Turkey chicks 2 weeks to 4 weeks, pakannya materials are the same as the portion of the Turkey chicks when feed age 1-2 Sunday. Although the same but different portions, portions for themselves is 40% BR 1, 30% Bran, and 30% Forage. The amount of water in the dough and how to make it also the same as the portion of feed chicks turkeys 1-2 week. Granting of drinking water in the container is also very fluid needs, as allowed in the body of the Turkey chicks are already starting to increase. And don't forget to replace drinking water if it is dirty, and clean drinking water containers is also not covered by the source of the disease.

CHICKEN TURKEY AGE 1 month to 2 months:

Feeding chickens turkeys at this stage is also still the same with food ingredients and how to make a chicken feed turkeys on age-age before, but a serving of Bran and 1 BR can already reduced and increased the share of forage. For a comparison of portions 1 BR is 25%, 25%, 50% and Bran Forage.


On the chicken Turkey time 2 months have started to issue pakannya easy, because the Bran portion BR 1 and already much reduced. But the ingredients are still the same with chicken feed ingredient kalkunpada the previous stage, that still gives the mixture a 1 BR, Bran, and Forage. For a comparison of portions is BR 1 10% Bran, 20%, and 70% Forage.

As for the reduction in the share of BR 1 and Bran are aiming to trim expenses for shopping feed chickens turkeys Forage, because the price is much cheaper than the price BR 1 and Bran. Because we can get a forage easily on the yard of the House that we are planting their own or we can buy the remnants of vegetables at a traditional market with very cheap prices. Although the share of BR 1 and bran reduced nutrient is contained, is still maintained, as Forage nutrient content that also has overflow. So the kalkuner would also have to know which type of forage that contains many nutrients that are suitable for the growth and health of our Turkey hens.

The disease of Turkeys

The disease of Turkeys the way of treatment.

Like other poultry, turkeys can also be stricken with the disease. For prevention of the disease in poultry, we can give you the vaccine. However, the granting of these vaccines to be precise the overdose, if not even Turkey would die. The vaccine for the Turkey the same as vaccines for other poultry. Rules and overdose can look at packaging. Better yet if our earlier consultation with the livestock health services.

For the vaccine, which can be used are the Vaccines and vaccine B1 Hitchner ND ND LASOTA which are given by way of Injection/drinking water prevent disease ND. Give also an anthelmintic in re 2-3 month to prevent intestinal worms.

In addition to the vaccine, many breeders prefer to treat kalkunnya with herbal medicines, and partly with a drug that is commonly consumed by humans. Below are some examples of diseases of Turkey and how to treat it.

1. Runny Nose/slimy.

This disease is medically dinamakanInfectious Bronchitis (IB). Turkeys are stricken with this disease have a distinctive nose mucus out, its wings hang and his breath smelled. Gradually, the Turkey will experience a decrease in appetite. If it is severe, then Turkey must be no feeding to survive. As a precaution, the location of the enclosure should be dry, not moist. Try also so that there is no cage around the ditch which had dirty water and inundated. The transmission of this disease occurs via the bite of mosquitoes, flies and contamination of drinking water. If you see these signs, the Turkey immediately separated and given pain medication such as tetrachlor.

2. red spots/Pox

This disease virus disebabkanoleh familia poxviridae and the genus Avipoxvirus. The stricken Turkey filled with red spots all over his body. Treatment and prevention with a vaccine made after first consulting with a vet. As a traditional medicine, we could make the herb from gasoline mixed oil (new). This mixture we kuaskan slowly to the surface of the body is exposed to chickenpox splotches. Some breeders say the traditional way it's quite potent.

3. Paralyzed.

Lame turkeys caused due to excess feed. This resulted in excess feeding Turkeys are obese. Young bones were turkeys yet powerful will not be able to withstand the weight of his body. To that end, the feeding must be controlled very well. For prevention, we can deliver concentrated AD1 (for bone strength) on the food rations of young turkeys.

Paralysis in young turkeys can also be caused due to consumption of papaya leaves. The stricken Turkey will experience total paralysis and his fingers hooked into. As a precaution, Turkey age under three months shouldn't we give papaya leaves.

4. Cholera.

Symptoms in Turkey are afflicted by a pial i.e. looks swell. If cholera stricken Turkey, can be treated with antibiotics such as tetracycline or streptomycin.

5. Blackhead/Histomoniasis

The stricken Turkey showed symptoms of hard-packed, weight down and one is yellow. The cause of this disease is a Protozoan Histomonas meleagridis. The stricken Turkey should quarantined to prevent contagious to other turkeys. As treatment, use Emtryl, which contains dimetridazole.

6. Avian Infuenza/Bird Flu

In order to prevent transmission of the virus of bird flu, biosecurity is required. This step is a step that is easy to do if we know how. Cases of transmission of bird flu virus is basically occurs due to lack of knowledge, lack of socialization, the breeders and the lack disiplinan. For starters, make sure first that the Turkey that you buy already vaccinated and come from farms that can be accounted for in terms of his health. Vaccines for H5N1 was originally provided free of charge by the Government. So, there is no excuse for not posting your livestock vaccine. The next step, always spray the area of the enclosure and the locations that become access to the enclosure. Spraying is carried out with disinfectant twice a day, IE morning and afternoon. Then, every entrance enclosure location should we give a solution of disinfectant in a bucket or basin. Humans who want to enter the enclosure we survivors to dip their hands and feet in a solution.

One is a pretty potent disinfectant eradicate bird flu virus, and several other diseases, is Benzalkonium Chloride. This medicine can be purchased at a poultry shop with an assortment of trade names and
the price is affordable.

7. Herbs for Turkey.

Herbs as a precaution, do the breeder as the seasons pancaroba. This herb is judged more potent and inexpensive. Any easily obtained ingredients. To make herb this herb we prepare only ginger and galingale according to needs. Both these materials we wash, Peel and finely milled or shredded. After the mixture is ready, suapkan to the young turkeys (aged approximately 4 months) with a quarter-teaspoon doses. While for small turkeys, the herb we combine into the feed. When the rainy season, this herb can increase endurance and drive a variety of ailments.

The Easy Way To Raising A Turkey So That The Great Fast

Abroad, Turkey became favorite food if there are events like party but maybe for in Indonesia is still not so popular turkeys as food ingredients. Turkey is a type of chicken that are quite large and also have a unique body shape. for those of you curious to try raising turkeys, here we will give a brief explanation about how raising turkeys.

The Way Raising Turkeys

The selection of seed chicken Turkey Turkey good seed Selection and will actually influence success in raising turkeys. When we bought the chicken Turkey for diternak, make sure that the condition of the chickens in a healthy state and also there is no flaw on her body. In addition note also forms the body of the Turkey. try to select chicken that has a well-built body.

Site selection of  Turkey

The strategic location of the farms that will ensure success in the business of cattle, turkeys. try to place the Turkey cattle away from the crowd to keep the convenience of turkeys. In addition to anticipate the loss of Turkey by the jail because it is the price of turkeys on the market is very high.

The enclosure of livestock chickens turkeys

Just like other animals, Turkey also need a cage that he could use it as a place to stay and protect themselves from disturbances in the vicinity. Turkey Coop does not need elaborate cages, enough with the delimiters such as fences and also the roof of the shelter as well as places for turkeys roam, you've been able to start the Turkey flocks. One thing to note in the Turkey cages IE try sunlight can enter the enclosure especially morning sun. In addition the cleanliness of the cages should also be maintained to prevent the Turkey from various kinds of diseases. Where to eat and drink should also be available in a cage. Separate the Turkey according to his age. This is to avoid fights between fellow turkeys.

Feeding chickens turkeys

The proper feeding and also will support the success in Turkey flocks. To reduce the cost of feed, we can memenfaatkan good leftovers from restaurants or catering businesses. In addition we can also memenfaatkan bran mixed with small fish or snails that we can get easily in areas of rice fields. For added nutrition, occasionally we can give food packaging sold in stores. The feeding must also be adapted to the age and physical condition of the Turkey so the food in the enclosure is always out of stock because when food is not exhausted and rotting in a cage can cause bacteria that attack the dapart turkeys. In addition to food, drinks should also be tyersedia in a cage. try layout between the food and drink of Turkey mutually far apart. This is to maintain the cleanliness of drinks so as not to mix with the food of Turkey.

Granting Turkey chicken vaccine

Turkey to maintain good health, we must memebri the chicken Turkey supplements or vitamins and also vaccine so that chickens Turkeys are not easily affected by the disease. granting vitamain and vaccine can be done every one or two months.

Types Of Turkeys:


Golden Palm








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