Types of Treatments for Osteoporosis

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Osteoporotic Bone vs Normal Bone (photo by: The New York Times / Google.com)
Treatment Of Osteoporosis

Actually there is no cure for osteoporosis. The goal of treatment of osteoporosis is to protect and strengthen bones. Treatment usually includes a combination of several drugs and lifestyle changes to help slow down the rate of resorpsi (pengeroposan) bone by the body. Do prevention of osteoporosis before it finally decided to switch to the treatment. If you are diagnosed with osteoporosis, a consultation with the doctor will give You information about handling can be done in accordance with the conditions of your bones.
Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by progressive loss of bone density, thinning of bone tissue and increased vulnerability to fractures. Osteoporosis may result from disease, dietary or hormonal deficiency or advanced age. Regular exercise and vitamin and mineral supplements can reduce and even reverse loss of bone density.
According the type of treatment, if your positive experience bone fractured, your doctor will give you a drug that can reduce the risk of more severe cracks in the days to come. But keep in mind that treatment options are granted based on bone density, age and risk factors of the rift. If you refuse to consume drugs to treat osteoporosis, the consumption of calcium and vitamin D sufficient. Usually your doctor will suggest additional related supplement this. Non-Hormonal medicines these medicines will not affect the quality of your hormones:

Calcium and Vitamin D: to reduce the risk of fractures in the groin with a dose of 1.2 grams/day of calcium and vitamin D 20 micrograms/day. This dose should be with drugs prescribed by your doctor.
Bisphosphonate: reducing the risk of cracks and maintain bone density. This drug is given in the form of an injection or tablet. These drugs slow down the rate of cells that destroy bone (osteoclasts).

There are several types of this medicine:
  • Alendronate (Fosamax), oral medications consumed once a week.
  • Ibandronate (Boniva), is offered as a monthly oral tablets or as an intravenous injection (via the blood vessels) four times a year.
  • Risedronate (Actonel), available in daily, weekly, bi-monthly, or monthly dose.
  • Zoledronic acid (Reclast), given intravenously once every one or two years.
The side effects of these drugs can include acid reflux, nausea, and abdominal pain. In rare cases, they can cause damage to the bones in the jaw (osteonekrosis jaw), side effects are usually associated with high doses of bisphosphonates.

Strontium Ranelate: trigger cells to form new bone tissue (osteoblasts) and pressing work of deciduous cells bone (osteoclasts). Side effects of the drugs consumed by dissolved in water (powder), are diarrhea and nausea.

Hormone therapy this could be done, especially for those women who have osteoporosis risk is 3 x larger than men during their menopause arrives. The time of menopause, estrogen hormone production decreases. The following methods can be done, but be careful because the side effects of this treatment include breast cancer, the increase in strokes, heart attacks and blood clots.

Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs): recreating the effect of estrogen on bone preservation.

Thyrocalcitonin: hormones made by the thyroid gland and helps regulate calcium levels in the body. Synthetic Thyrocalcitonin, or kalsitonin (Fortical, Miacalcin), used to treat spinal osteoporosis in patients who are unable to consume the bisphosphonates. It also can reduce pain in some patients with compression fractures of the spine. This drug is available with a nasal spray or injection. Side effects in the form of cold or nosebleeds.

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH): control of calcium and phosphate levels in the bones. Treatment with synthetic PTH as teriparatide (Forteo) can increase the growth of new bone. This medicine is given through injections a day with calcium and vitamin D supplements. The drug is very expensive, and typically used for patients with severe osteoporosis who are unable to perform other related treatment of osteoporosis.


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Peternakan dan Herbal Updated at: 05:50
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