Many false myths of HIV transmission, so people with HIV is shunned not based on the right reasons. HIV transmission through saliva, sweat, touch, Kiss, mosquito bites or used the toilet. HIV transmission is mainly derived from the contact of bodily fluids such as blood and sperm through sexual behavior and the use of syringes.
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, that virus that attacks the immune system. HIV can be fatal if left untreated and can be transmitted in certain circumstances. That's why it's important to figure out properly how to HIV transmission, so as to avoid the disease.
HIV transmission, Recognize The Diverse Ways Of HIV Transmission
Essentially, HIV can be transmitted through bodily fluids, including blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk are infected with HIV. Anyone of any age, race, or sex can be infected with HIV, including babies born from mothers with HIV.
Several methods of HIV transmission that can occur are as follows:
Transmission by sexual intercourse can occur from a man to a woman or vice versa, as well as on fellow gender through a risky sexual encounters. HIV transmission can occur when sex through vaginal, anal, or oral sex with a partner who is infected with HIV. One of the best ways to prevent HIV transmission is to use condoms during sex and not changing sexual partners.
The use of a syringe
HIV can be transmitted through syringes contaminated with infected blood. Sharing syringes or using a used syringe, get someone to have a very high risk of contracting the disease, including HIV.
During pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding
A mother with HIV contain high-risk nursing or to transmit HIV to her baby. It is important to consult a doctor in order to do inspection and treatment of HIV during pregnancy, in order to lower the risk of transmission of HIV in infants.
In most cases, HIV transmission can also be caused by blood transfusions. However, these events are increasingly rare because now applied the eligibility test donors, including donors of blood, organ or tissue donor. With a proper testing, blood donor recipients have a low risk for HIV-infected.
Important Information To Prevent HIV Transmission
To date there has been no drugs or vaccines to prevent and cure HIV infection/AIDS. For those of you who suffer from HIV infection, there are efforts that can be done to control the infection, i.e. taking antiretroviral drugs recommended dose appropriate doctors. The drug will help suppress the activity of the virus in the body, HIV sehinggu able to live more healthy life expectancy is longer and minimize the risk of passing HIV on to the couple.
That is not less important is to prevent HIV transmission from the beginning. Prevention can be done in several ways, among others:
Use a condom every time you have sex
If you do not know the HIV status of your partner, use a condom every time you have sex vaginal, anal or oral. For women, can use condoms ladies.
Avoid risky sexual behavior
Anal sex is sex activities that have the highest risk in HIV transmission. Either the offender or the recipient of anal sex at risk for contracting HIV, but the recipient of anal sex has a higher risk of contracting. Therefore it is recommended to have safe sex, as well as the use of condoms to prevent HIV transmission.
Avoid the use of second-hand needles
Avoid using needles when injecting drugs scars. HIV transmission through tattoos and piercing are also at risk of happening if wearing a tattoo needles are not sterilized properly or use the tattoo ink that is contaminated. Before doing a tattoo or piercing, make sure the needle sterile.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)
Prep is a method of HIV prevention by means of taking any antiretroviral for those at high risk of contracting HIV, to those who have more than one sexual partner, have a partner with HIV positive, using syringes risky in the past 6 months, or those who frequent sexual intercourse without a safety net.
Understanding and stigma of HIV transmission is one obstacle in tackling the disease. To get more information and examination of early HIV related, you can consult a doctor through VCT.
Early symptoms of HIV
Early symptoms are happened a few weeks after a person is exposed by the HIV virus. Usually runs 3-6 week, and going the longest 3 months after the virus enters the body through a number of ways, such as the needle pierced once used HIV or having sex with HIV. The symptoms can be similar to symptoms of the flu, sick:
- Pain swallowing
- Limp and feeling unwell
- Enlargement of the lymph nodes
HIV symptoms stadium I
Stage 1 is the phase in which the initial symptoms have started to disappear, referred to as the HIV infection is asymptomatic and not categorized as AIDS. At this stage, people with HIV will look normal, like a normal healthy person in General, so many do not realize that they have been infected by the HIV virus. A period of years can occur without symptoms, can 5-10 the year depending on the durability of the body of the sufferer. On average, the HIV will be at the stadium over the last 7 years.
At this stage, sufferers do not show symptoms, and if there are any symptoms, enlarged lymph nodes in different parts of the body of the sufferer, for example the neck, armpits, and folds of the thighs.
HIV symptoms stadium II
At this stage, the body's durability has already started to drop. The virus shows its activities on areas that had a little mucous membranes. The symptoms can vary and still not typical. Usually this occurs in patients who have no high risk lifestyle and still not knowing that he is already infected. As a result, they do not perform automated checks of blood and did not receive early treatment to prevent the acceleration of entry into the next stage of HIV infection. The symptoms can be:
- Weight loss of less than 10% of the estimated weight before it is exposed to the disease, unknown cause. Sufferers are not in the diet or treatment that can lose weight.
- Upper respiratory tract infections which often recur, such as sinusitis, bronchitis, inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media), sore throat (pharyngitis).
- Recurring shingles in 5 years.
- Inflammation of the mouth and stomatitis (canker sores) are repetitive.
- Itching of the skin (papular pruritic eruption).
- Seborrhoeic dermatitis characterized by extensive dandruff suddenly appeared.
- Yeast infection on the nails and fingers.
This phase is called symptomatic phase, which has been characterized by the presence of primary infection symptoms. The symptoms that arise on stage III is pretty typical so we can lead to suspicion of the diagnosis of infection of HIV/AIDS. Sufferers are usually weak and 50% time spent in bed. However, examination of the blood needed to enforce the diagnosis precisely. The span of time from stage III AIDS toward the 3-year average. Symptoms in stage III, among others:
- Weight loss of more than 10% of the estimated weight before without a clear cause.
- Diarrhoea-diarrhoea (diarrhoea) obscure cause chronic more than 1 month.
- Continuous fever or missing arising for more than 1 month no apparent cause.
- Fungal infections in the mouth (oral candidiasis).
- Oral hairy leukoplakia.
- An undiagnosed lung tuberculosis last 2 years.
- Inflammation of the mouth of the acute necrotic, ginggivitis (inflammation of the gums), a recurrent periodontitis and failed to recover.
- The results of the examination of the blood which shows decline in red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
Stage IV HIV symptoms
This stage is also known as the AIDS stage, characterized physically by lymphatic gland enlargement around the body and next appeared some opportunistic infections. In General, the condition of the body is very weak with activity on the bed above 50%. This phase is the final phase and are usually characterized by a CD4 count of less than 200. The symptoms include:
- HIV wasting syndrome, in which the sufferer becomes dry and thin is not powered.
- Pneumocystis pneumonia: cough dry, a progressive tightness, fever, and severe fatigue.
- Severe bacterial infections such as pulmonary infections (pneumonia, emphysema, pyomyositis) joints and bones, infections and inflammation of the brain (meningitis).
- Herpes simplex infections are chronic (more than 1 month).
- Tuberculosis disease outside the lungs, for example tuberculosis gland.
- Esophageal candidiasis yeast infection i.e. in the esophagus which makes a sufferer is very difficult to eat.
- Kaposi's Sarcoma.
- Cerebral toxoplasmosis infections i.e. toksoplasma in the brain that can lead to abscess/ulcer of the brain.
- Encephalophaty HIV, State in which sufferers already experience a decrease and change of consciousness.
The answer is no. The number of CD4 + limposit can be upgraded and maintained within the limits of safety. Yes, certainly by way of healthy living, avoid sources of infection and disease, as well as consuming drugs ARVS regularly.
Source alodokter.com and others