Dosage and Side Effects of Amoxicillin

Posted by

Amoxicillin (amoxicillin) is the most widely used antibiotic. This is because amoxicillin is rapidly absorbed in the gut and is effective for many types of infections. Every year, Indonesia imports amoxicillin raw materials up to 2,600 tons to be processed and marketed as generic or brand drugs such as Bintamol, Corsamox, Dexymox, Farmoxyl, Bellacid, Kalmoxillin, Lapimex, Ethimox, Opimox, Ospamox, Robamox, Wiamox, Amoxsan, Hufanoxyl, Yusimox, etc.

Amoxicillin can be used for the treatment of infections of the ear, nose, and throat, teeth, genitourinary tract, skin and skin structure, and lower respiratory tract by

Streptococcus spp, S. pneumoniae, Staphylococcus spp., H. influenzae., E. coli, P. mirabilis, or E. faecalis. Amoxicillin is also useful for the treatment of uncomplicated acute gonorrhea by N. gonorrhoeae.

Amoxicillin includes broad-spectrum antibiotics in the penicillin group. In addition to amoxicillin, which includes in this group include ampicillin, oxacillin, carbenicillin and piperacillin. All penicillins work with similar mechanisms. The active ingredient in amoxicillin, beta-lactam, prevents bacterial cell wall synthesis by inhibiting the bacterial DD-transpeptidase enzyme. As a result, bacteria can not reproduce.


You can take tablets / capsules / syringes of amoxicillin before, during or after meals. Amoxicillin doses are generally as follows:

Adults, teens, and children (weight & gt = 40 kg): 500 mg every 12 hours or 250 mg every 8 hours.
Children and baby & gt; 3 months (heavy
Neonates and infants = 3 months: The recommended maximum dose is 30 mg / kg / day, given in equal doses every 12 hours.

The dose may vary according to the severity of the infection, presence / absence of antibiotic resistance, location of infection, the purpose of prevention (prophylaxis) or treatment, etc. The doctor will weigh rationally what dose is right for you on a case by case basis.


Amoxicillin should not be used in patients hypersensitive / allergic to penicillin. Patients who have asthma, eczema, hives, or fever may be at greater risk for hypersensitivity reactions to amoxicillin and penicillin in general.

Amoxicillin should be used with caution when you have:

Kidney disorders, because the drug is removed through the kidney mechanism.
GI disease, especially colitis, due to its effect on the balance of intestinal flora.
Lymphatic leukemia, because it can develop a drug rash.
Active viral infection such as CMV and viral respiratory infections.

There is not enough data to assess the potential hazards of this drug during pregnancy. It is therefore advisable not to use this drug during pregnancy without special consideration from the doctor.

Amoxicillin is excreted in small amounts of breast milk. This can cause the baby to have diarrhea (due to impaired intestinal flora), candidiasis, and skin rashes. Like all other drugs, this potential risk should be weighed against its benefits to the mother.

Side effects

Amoxicillin has several side effects. Most side effects are mild, but increase by dose and duration of use. Most adverse reactions are caused by the fact that amoxicillin not only kills pathogenic bacteria but also good bacteria that are the natural flora of the intestine. Potential side effects include nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, indigestion (dyspepsia), itchy rectum and allergic reactions. Since it has the potential to cause side effects, avoid driving or operating dangerous machinery after taking amoxicillin, unless you feel good.


FOLLOW and JOIN to Get Update!

Social Media Widget SM Widgets

Peternakan dan Herbal Updated at: 03:56
Copyright@2014-2016. www.AgrobisnisInfo.com . Powered by Blogger.