Active Ingredients Contained In Ginger Rhizome

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The Chemical content of red ginger consists of gingerol, zingeron, and shogaol. In addition, red ginger contains 1-4% essential oils and oleoresin. Essential oils in red ginger rhizome also have other compound components consisting of zingerberin, kamfena, lemonin, zingiberen, zingiberal, gingeral and shogaol and other contents such as dammar oil, starch, organic acid, malic acid, acetic acid and gingerin.

Red ginger rhizome besides containing these chemical compounds also contains gingerol, 1,8-cineole 10-dehydro-gingerdione, 6-gingerdione, arginine, a-linolenic acid, aspartic, β-cytostrerol, caprylic acid, capsaicin, chlorogenic acid, farnesal, farnesene, farnesl and starch elements such as starch, and small resin fibers.

Based on some research, in ginger essential oil there are elements: n-nonylaldehyde, d-camphene, d-β phellandrene, methyl heptenone, cineol, d-borneol, geraniol, linalool, acetates and caprylate, citral, chavicol and zingiberene. These materials are the most important source of raw materials in the pharmaceutical and pharmaceutical industries.

The content of red ginger atsiri oil of 2.58 - 2.72% is calculated based on dry weight. The essential oil content of other types of ginger is far below it. There is a large ginger or rhinoceros ginger ranging from 0.82 to 1.68% and on a small ginger or ginger emprit ranging from 1.5 to 3.3%. Essential oils are generally slightly thick yellow and are compounds that give a distinctive aroma to ginger.

The amount of essential oil content is affected by the age of the plant. That is, the older age of the ginger, the higher the content of oil atsirinya.

Based on its pharmacological effects, red ginger has benefits to smooth blood circulation, boost the immune system, warm the body, anti-inflammatories and appetite enhancers and great if consumed by women who are in menstruation.


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Peternakan dan Herbal Updated at: 17:23
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