A Practical Guide to How to Breed Honey Bees

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For those who do not know and familiar with honeybees may be horrified if dikerumuni hundreds or even thousands of honey bees while visiting the beekeeping honey. Actually honey bee is a type of bee that can be tamed and will not disturb humans as long as the nest is not disturbed or the bees are not disturbed. You want to honey bee? Follow the short way and guide to keep the honey bees as an alternative to get additional promising income, given the commodity of honey is a commodity that is in great demand all people.

The era of today, the awareness of the benefits of honey and also the rush movement back to nature or all that smells natural (natural) to make beekeeping honey bee business has a very good prospect and promise.

How to Raise Bees Honey

Types and Models Bee cultivation there are 2 ways:

1) Bee Cultivation Residently

2) Bee Cultivation in Moving.

In bee-bee cultivation the bee colony is obtained from the cultivation of colonies that have not been cultivated, whereas in bee cultivation is migratory to date the colony is obtained from bee packs. The following will be described honey bee cultivation techniques.

How to Get a Bee Colony

The technique of catching the colony Apis Cerana.

The uncultivated Buddhist Temple Colonies are often found on the roofs of houses, tree trunks and so on.

A colony can be captured immediately and then inserted into a catcher box filled with empty blanks and a thickened sugar solution placed near the captured bee colony.

At first the bee colony was smoked enough to make the bees tame or not aggressive. Slice the nest cistern and tie it to the nest frame slowly, then look for the queen. Put the queen bee into the queen cage then attach it to the ready-made comb in the bee box. The bee buds that are removed are young white and full of larvae, honey and flavor (pollen). Place the bee box in a slightly open place so that the other colonies can enter the box.

After all the bees have entered, the box is closed. The day after the arrest, the queen cage was opened and for the queen not to fly the queen bee's front wing was cut slightly. Three days after the arrest, the bees are calm and will be active again foraging, mebuat nest and so on. Colony examination begins 3 days after catching or breeding. Once the colony appears to be breeding, its examination is enough once a week.

The examination steps of bee colonies are as follows:

a. Prepare officer equipment.

b. Examiner and assistant examiner standing on the left side of the box so as not to cover the bee fly path, so as not to be stung.

c. Slowly the outer lid is opened until it is slightly gnarled. In the colonies a little smoked with 2 - 3 times fogging.

d. The lid is opened and re-smoked with a single blast. If on the lid there is a bunch of bees, cover in wobble above the bee box, so the bees fall on the box.

e. The frame is lifted from the edge slowly, if it is difficult to use lever.

f. Pick up the frame and check it one by one, the inspection should always be above the bee chest, so that if the queen bee falls it will be right on the colony being examined.

g. Check carefully and carefully the queen, larva, egg and honey and sour flour

h. Record the results of the examination.

i. Brush frames back in the original position and then close the box as it was.

3. Setting Hive Suggestions

Setting of honeycomb combs is commonly referred to as manipulation techniques. This is an attempt to improve the work of the bee colony in building its nest.

Setting of nest skeletal can only be done on a nest-lined frame or a nest with a guidance tongue. Setting of hive comb can be done in 2 ways, that is setting the comb in one box and setting of comb between the box.

Setting the Nest Hive in the Box.

If in a colony of new bees and half of the entire mold formed, then to accelerate the development of the colony it must be moved, the sequence is as follows: for example the first and fourth sis containing honey and pelungsari while the second and third siss containing eggs and larvae, , then the fifth comb must be moved between the second and third comb, replacing the third sided position.

Three days after the re-arrangement is checked the fifth comb. It is expected that the bees have built a nest in the comb. This is usually done in the season to build or prepare the colony during the harvest honey.

Arrow Setup between Boxes.

Setting of inter-box hive comb is done to strengthen weak colony. The trick as follows:

Prepare a box of weak bees colonies and a strong bee colony box. Some of the honey, flotation, larval and egg combs are moved from strong colonies into weak colonies without bees. Place a comb containing eggs and larvae in the middle between the other comb. The fringed comb and honey are placed at the edges. The bee box is placed in the location of many flowers of the bee plant. After 7 days the colony was checked.

Transfer of Bee Colonies

The transfer of new colonies or shepherds is required in the cultivation of Apis mellifera, because these bees require certain flowers in large quantities so that the colonies need to be moved from one flower area to another.

At dusk after all the bees enter the box close the entrance. The honeycomb frame is taken and then replaced by the nest foundation. The frames must be sealed so as not to wiggle on the way. Cover and bottom of the box are also sealed by nailing. If the vehicle is transported, the box hole is set face to face and does not face the vehicle's direction.

Keep the trip done at night. If the long journey needs to rest, splash the box with water. After arriving at the new grazing area, the next day the box door opened gradually. First of all 3-4 cm in advance to give an opportunity to the worker-oriented bees.

Brings Bee Colonies together

The goal is to save and develop a weak colony of bees or colonies that do not have queens, also an attempt to get a strong colony before the harvest of honey.

Strong colonies are colonies that have a productive queen with a minimum of five full bee buds. A box containing strong colonies opened the top lid and the lid was replaced with a sheet of perforated paper. The direction of the hole is parallel to the space between the comb. A weak or united bee colony after lifting the lid is essentially placed above the colony box. Within 12 hours expected the two colonies had been united through the pioneer newspaper.

To speed up the application of sugar solution on the newspaper. This merger must be done at night, because by that time the colony is already in a state of calm and all the bees are already in the box. Move the composite bee box to the beekeeping area. Seven days after the merger of the colony should be examined.

How to Increase Bee Colonies

Things that need to be considered to increase bee colonies are as follows:

a. Bee colonies must be strong, ie in a box containing a minimum of 8 beads full of beads. The queen is active in laying eggs, worker bees are eager for food and colonies are free of pests and diseases.

b. Simply available the material of the bee feed.

If both of these are met then the colony can be reproduced.

Colonies to be propagated and boxes with blank nesting foundations are prepared, the queen is moved to the colony with 4 - 5 nest brushes. The box that contains the queen has been moved away. For Apis Cerana displacement of at least 700 m, and for Apis Mellifera 2,000 m. This move aims to keep the bees from returning to their place of origin. Five days after the split, the colony is examined, if there are more than one queen cell, select the most powerful queen cells and the other thrown away.

Multiply this colony intends to breed or to prepare colon against the harvest of honey.

Preparing for Harvest Period.

The honey box is filled with ten blank spades (the foundation of the hive). Put this honey box on top of the eram box, between the two boxes first installed queen insluder ("queen excluder").

Honey box comb that has honey and covered candle ready to be harvested. Honey that has not been covered with a layer of candle or not yet 7 days should not be harvested because it is too much water content or called "young honey".

How to Harvest Honey

Harvest is done in the morning or afternoon. Harvestable honey is selected from a honey-filled comb or two-thirds of honey that has been covered with wax.

Frames and combs are cleaned with bee brushes. Layers of wax peeled with a knife harvested honey harvested hot water. Then the comb with the frame is inserted into the extractor. The harvested comb frames are returned to the original box.

Harvesting is done on the box alternately, ie box no. 1, 3, 5 and so on. This is meant to avoid inter-colony robberies.

How to Cultivate Queen Bees

The queen's breeding should be done at the time of many nectar and pollen.

Natural Queen Bee Cultivation.

Empowering queens naturally can be done in two ways, namely:

a. Break the colony into two as mentioned above.

b. Utilizing the hijrah, which form some queen cells naturally. Move the queen-ridden cell located at the bottom of the nest's comb into the other colony.

Artificial Queen Bee Cultivation.

Used artificial queen cells in the form of small mangkokan mounted on frames comb. Bowls filled with bee larvae that are 2 days old. Twelve hours after hatching place the frame of the comb containing the mangkokan into the strong colony. Thirteen days after being entrusted to the colony, the queen's candidate was transferred to a bee colony that had no queen. Expected 5 days after the last transfer will be obtained queen within the colony. For a queen bowl can be made yourself by making a mold of wood that matches the queen's cell.

Reference Article Source: Author ODJON SOLIKIN, SP. Forestry Counselor Kab. Ciamis


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