Yakon cultivation. Yakon plant, also known as insulin leaves were recorded for the first time by columnist Guaman Poma of Ayala in 1615. Columnist posted a Yakon plant as one of the 55 native herbal plant that grows in the Andes. Yakon is from the Asteraceae family that has roots and tubers bright yellow flowers. This plant can reach a height of about 3 meters so than as a herbal medicinal plants, Yakon can also be grown as an ornamental plant because of the height and the flowers were beautiful.
If the call leaves Insulin there are actually two types of leaves of a plant called Insulin which leaves Paitan or lot is also a call to the rondo Semoyo, flower moon, wood Paik, kipait or harsaga. While the other one, known as Insulin Leaves are leaves Yakon (read: yakong) or Smallanthus sonchifolius scientific name is a native plant of the American Continent from the Andes Mountains in Peru. This plant is a new dikebunkan in Indonesia for about 2-3 years ago so his name is still unfamiliar.
The difference Yakon plants have tubers that have good nutritional value and very well taken by diabetics. Yakon brown tuber shaped like cassava. Yellowish-white flesh and sweet tubers. While the leaves are similar to celery leaves that can grow up to 3 meters.
According to the researchers, is rich with insulin Yakon where each unit contains the sugar fructose that can not be digested but can be fermented by colon.
The content of fructose in yakon is 25% and 35% bound free. So with this situation can prevent diabetics from hyperglycemia. Consuming Yakon will not allow for the increase in blood sugar levels. It also means that yakon naturally proven to have a low calorie.Yakon have a hypoglycemic effect so it can lower blood sugar. With 20 grams of dry leaves yakon then diluted with 200 ml of water being heated for 20 minutes. After the cold water, then filtered drinkable potion.Here are the benefits of leaf Yakon for the body:
Increase insulin levels in the body
Preventing and treating diabetes
Lower levels in the blood trigiserida
Amplifier heart as well as heart drugs
Anti murobial for kidney and bladder infections
As an antioxidant in the body
Yakon leaves are used as a tea, will have the effect of reducing the peak sugar levels when we eat foods that are sweet or which contain a lot of carbohydrates.Herbal Plants Yakon For Diabetes:
Tubers can be eaten immediately or cooked. Sweet. Eaten as a snack, or a syrup made of sugar substitutes kitchen, for those who are low-calorie diet and diabetes mellitus.
The leaves, 5-10 pieces of boiled (do not use aluminum) with 6 cups of water, 3 cups used. Drink 2-3 times a day. Dose adjusted to blood sugar levels and examined the results with blood sugar checks.
Making tea from the leaves Yakon:
Prepare 5 Yakon leaves that have been dried by drying. Once completely dry, the leaves are crushed into powder and produce 15 grams of powder. Then, pour the powder into 3 cups each containing 600 ml of boiling water. Stir the powder with boiling water until you get a solid green water. The drinking water 3 times a day just like the rules of taking the medication that is in the morning, noon and night.
Cultivation way YakonPlants yakon (Polymnia sonchifolia syn. Smallanthus sonchifolius) can be found in the area of Bandung, Wonosobo and Yogyakarta. Yakon plants bought by manufacturers of herbal medicine derived from various regions in Indonesia.Basically, the plant is very easy to grow despite yakon to climate Yakon plants require moist areas at an altitude of about 1,000 mdlp-1,300 masl. Just like other plants, of course, must be diligent yakon plants fertilized with compost and watered regularly.
Harvested leaves can dipanem yakon start after two months to three months from the time of planting. Furthermore yakon leaves can be harvested every three weeks. The age of these plants can be harvested six times to eight times the period of the quotation.
Although yakon plants are easy to grow in cool regions, but that does not mean these plants can not grow in an area that is rather hot. Therefore, if you want to do the cultivation of plants in the area Yakon Insulin rather hot, you should add a good shade tarps or plant to protect it from direct sunlight.Preferably crops grown on media yakon loose soil with adequate nutrient content. However, you can also do this by planting techniques in a poly bag or sack.How to crop cultivation distek yakon manner as to plant cassava. Preferably in crops which is also called insulin plant does not use chemicals because it can affect the color of the leaves. For as much as possible using the manure.
At the time of planting, farmers should also pay attention to the bulbs yakon not to rot because of the water. This is because the yakon, commodities that can be traded not only leaves but also the tuber.Business Opportunities Plants YakonRaising crops yakon alias insulin is not too difficult. An important crop grown in a humid place at an altitude of about 1,000 mdlp-1,300 masl. Plants should also be diligent fertilized with compost and watered regularly in order to grow optimally.
Yakon suitable plants cultivated in the lowlands. Ideally, this plant can grow well at an altitude of 1,000 meters above sea level (masl) up to 1,300 meters above sea level and has a high humidity. Yakon which has the Latin name of this herb Smallanthus sonchifolia distinctively bulbous, hairy stems and thin along the bottom of each leaf is always in pairs face when growing. Indicators of this plant has a good quality leaf is when the leaf buds purplish red..
Yakon plant - leaves InsulinAnto Widy, cultivators yakon, Kaliurip origin, Wonosobo said growth yakon strongly influenced by altitude cropping. Planting in the lowlands to altitudes below 1,000 meters above sea level, will affect the height of the tree and leaf growth is not maximal.Anton system uses four cuttings to plant seedlings in early yakon cultivation. After that she breeds again stems from the four previous crop. Of the four stems of seedlings that have grown, this time Anto already has 10,000 yakon trees in an area of 1,000 square meters (m²) in Wonosobo.Anto said, the use of chemicals in membudidaya yakon influence the outcome of the growth of the leaves so green. Leaves yakon good if purplish red buds.Therefore he uses compost for cultivation. To membudidaya yakon in a land area of 1,000 m², Anto requires 1.5 tons of manure. "Within a month it costs Rp 300,000 for the purchase of manure," he explained.Other yakon crop cultivators, Roni Prananta said plant yakon difficulty lies in the process of beginning. Because it is grown in Bantul rather hot, it needs extra care until he finally yakon planting able to adapt to the weather over there. But basically yakon easily grown by using cuttings system. After the seedlings watered twice a day.
Roni use tarps to protect the plants from being exposed to direct sunlight. He added, if you want to plant yakon on a small scale, it can be done in pots or polybags. As for cultivation in large, growing media should be on the ground because this plant can grow to a height of two meters. Another thing that must be considered, bulbs yakon not to rot. For yakon tubers can be consumed. Because it tastes sweet, it can be eaten raw. People around Yogyakarta often make a snack by steaming or frying.
The selling price of leaf and powder yakon fairly high. Anto used to sell leaf yakon Rp 200,000 per kilogram (kg). While in the form of a powder, the price is priced at Rp 400,000 per kg. Within a month, Anto could sell 70 kg. With sales of it, he could reap a turnover of Rp 20 million per month with a profit of USD 12 million.
Other yakon farmers is Roni Prananta from Yogyakarta. He planted yakon since 2012 on an area of 200 square meters in area of Bantul and Gunung Lawu. Roni assisted by two other farmers to cultivate yakon.Roni said, for yakon planting to harvest, it took 6 months-8 months. Once harvested, he could pluck leaves 400 kg and 300 kg wet bulb yakon. Roni sell dried leaves yakon for Rp 400,000 per kg and wet bulb Rp 50,000 per kg. Once harvested, Roni could reap a turnover of more than USD 150 million.